Structural and elastic characterization of Cu-implanted SiO2 films on Si(100) substrates

Shirokoff, John W. and Young, C. K. and Brits, L. C. and Andrews, Gordon Todd and Johannessen, B. and Ridgway, M. C. (2007) Structural and elastic characterization of Cu-implanted SiO2 films on Si(100) substrates. Journal of Applied Physics, 101 (4). ISSN 0021-8979

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Cu-implanted SiO2 films on Si(100) have been studied and compared to unimplanted SiO2 on Si(100) using x-ray methods, transmission electron microscopy, Rutherford backscattering, and Brillouin spectroscopy. The x-ray results indicate the preferred orientation of Cu {111} planes parallel to the Si substrate surface without any directional orientation for Cu-implanted SiO2/Si(100) and for Cu-implanted and annealed SiO2/Si(100). In the latter case, transmission electron microscopy reveals the presence of spherical nanocrystallites with an average size of ~2.5 nm. Rutherford backscattering shows that these crystallites (and the Cu in the as-implanted film) are largely confined to depths of 0.4−1.2 µm below the film surface. Brillouin spectra contain peaks due to surface, film-guided and bulk acoustic modes. Surface (longitudinal) acoustic wave velocities for the implanted films were ~7% lower (~2% higher) than for unimplanted SiO2/Si(100). Elastic constants were estimated from the acoustic wave velocities and film densities. C11 (C44) for the implanted films was ~10% higher (lower) than that for the unimplanted film. The differences in acoustic velocities and elastic moduli are ascribed to implantation-induced compaction and/or the presence of Cu in the SiO2 film.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 681
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 15 February 2007
Date Type: Publication
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