Assessment of low-impact development practices on stormwater management using SWMM 5.2: a case study of Shiraz, Iran

Amerinia, Sara (2023) Assessment of low-impact development practices on stormwater management using SWMM 5.2: a case study of Shiraz, Iran. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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As the world's population continues to grow and urban areas expand, climate change has become an increasingly urgent challenge. The change in land use due to urbanization can increase surface runoff volume, resulting in urban flooding. Additionally, climate change increases the likelihood of extreme rainfall and inadequate stormwater drainage systems can worsen flood risk. Therefore, the adoption of innovative stormwater management techniques is imperative. Recently, there has been a move towards some approaches such as Low Impact Development (LID) that aims to reduce the strain on stormwater infrastructure. This study aimed to model stormwater management using EPA SWMM 5.2, focusing on a case study of Shiraz, Iran originating from a semi-arid zone watershed. To mitigate the escalating peak stormwater and address the limitations of existing drainage systems, different LID methods have been employed in the study area under 4 different return periods (5, 25, 50, and 100 years). The results underscore that LID methods have resulted in a decrease in flooding volume within the study area across different return periods, ranging from 13.83% to 54.65%. The findings show that the integration of permeable pavements and bioretention cells was highly effective in managing water flow and it approximately decreased watershed total runoff volume by 42% corresponding to all return periods. This research offers insights into tailored stormwater management for rapidly urbanizing areas. Shiraz's successful LID techniques can serve as a model for cities facing similar challenges, enhancing their resilience to urban floods, and promoting sustainable water management amid urban growth and climate change.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 16177
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 104-116)
Keywords: urbanization, climate change, stormwater management, flood risk, low-impact development (LID), SWMM
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: October 2023
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Urbanization--Iran--Shīrāz; Climatic changes--Iran--Shīrāz; Urban runoff--Management; Sustainable development--Iran--Shīrāz

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