Automatic Super-Surface Removal in Complex 3D Indoor Environments Using Iterative Region-Based RANSAC

Ebrahimi, Ali and Czarnuch, Stephen (2021) Automatic Super-Surface Removal in Complex 3D Indoor Environments Using Iterative Region-Based RANSAC. Sensors, 21 (11). ISSN 1424-8220

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Removing bounding surfaces such as walls, windows, curtains, and floor (i.e., super-surfaces) from a point cloud is a common task in a wide variety of computer vision applications (e.g., object recognition and human tracking). Popular plane segmentation methods such as Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC), are widely used to segment and remove surfaces from a point cloud. However, these estimators easily result in the incorrect association of foreground points to background bounding surfaces because of the stochasticity of randomly sampling, and the limited scene-specific knowledge used by these approaches. Additionally, identical approaches are generally used to detect bounding surfaces and surfaces that belong to foreground objects. Detecting and removing bounding surfaces in challenging (i.e., cluttered and dynamic) real-world scene can easily result in the erroneous removal of points belonging to desired foreground objects such as human bodies. To address these challenges, we introduce a novel super-surface removal technique for 3D complex indoor environments. Our method was developed to work with unorganized data captured from commercial depth sensors and supports varied sensor perspectives. We begin with preprocessing steps and dividing the input point cloud into four overlapped local regions. Then, we apply an iterative surface removal approach to all four regions to segment and remove the bounding surfaces. We evaluate the performance of our proposed method in terms of four conventional metrics: specificity, precision, recall, and F1 score, on three generated datasets representing different indoor environments. Our experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method is a robust super-surface removal and size reduction approach for complex 3D indoor environments while scoring the four evaluation metrics between 90% and 99%.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 15425
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: RANSAC, point cloud, bounding surface removal, wall removal, 3D background subtraction, 3D plane segmentation, 3D preprocessing technique, 3D size reduction
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 27 May 2021
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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