Physical layer security in 5G and beyond wireless networks enabling technologies

Khoshafa, Majid Hamoud Ahmed (2022) Physical layer security in 5G and beyond wireless networks enabling technologies. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Information security has always been a critical concern for wireless communications due to the broadcast nature of the open wireless medium. Commonly, security relies on cryptographic encryption techniques at higher layers to ensure information security. However, traditional cryptographic methods may be inadequate or inappropriate due to novel improvements in the computational power of devices and optimization approaches. Therefore, supplementary techniques are required to secure the transmission data. Physical layer security (PLS) can improve the security of wireless communications by exploiting the characteristics of wireless channels. Therefore, we study the PLS performance in the fifth generation (5G) and beyond wireless networks enabling technologies in this thesis. The thesis consists of three main parts. In the first part, the PLS design and analysis for Device-to-Device (D2D) communication is carried out for several scenarios. More specifically, in this part, we study the underlay relay-aided D2D communications to improve the PLS of the cellular network. We propose a cooperative scheme, whereby the D2D pair, in return for being allowed to share the spectrum band of the cellular network, serves as a friendly jammer using full-duplex (FD) and half-duplex (HD) transmissions and relay selection to degrade the wiretapped signal at an eavesdropper. This part aims to show that spectrum sharing is advantageous for both D2D communications and cellular networks concerning reliability and robustness for the former and PLS enhancement for the latter. Closed-form expressions for the D2D outage probability, the secrecy outage probability (SOP), and the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity (PNSC) are derived to assess the proposed cooperative system model. The results show enhancing the robustness and reliability of D2D communication while simultaneously improving the cellular network’s PLS by generating jamming signals towards the eavesdropper. Furthermore, intensive Monte-Carlo simulations and numerical results are provided to verify the efficiency of the proposed schemes and validate the derived expressions’ accuracy. In the second part, we consider a secure underlay cognitive radio (CR) network in the presence of a primary passive eavesdropper. Herein, a secondary multi-antenna full-duplex destination node acts as a jammer to the primary eavesdropper to improve the PLS of the primary network. In return for this favor, the energy-constrained secondary source gets access to the primary network to transmit its information so long as the interference to the latter is below a certain level. As revealed in our analysis and simulation, the reliability and robustness of the CR network are improved, while the security level of the primary network is enhanced concurrently. Finally, we investigate the PLS design and analysis of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided wireless communication systems in an inband underlay D2D communication and the CR network. An RIS is used to adjust its reflecting elements to enhance the data transmission while improving the PLS concurrently. Furthermore, we investigate the design of active elements in RIS to overcome the double-fading problem introduced in the RISaided link in a wireless communications system. Towards this end, each active RIS element amplifies the reflected incident signal rather than only reflecting it as done in passive RIS modules. As revealed in our analysis and simulation, the use of active elements leads to a drastic reduction in the size of RIS to achieve a given performance level. Furthermore, a practical design for active RIS is proposed.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 15297
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: wireless communications, physical layer security, device-to-device communications, reconfigurable intelligent surfaces, cognitive radio networks
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: February 2022
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Cognitive radio networks; Wireless communication systems; Cryptography; Data encryption (Computer science); Computer security; Machine-to-machine communications.

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