Exploring parameter interactions and deep learning for modeling pressure related downhole safety conditions during drilling

Osarogiagbon, Augustine Uhunoma (2021) Exploring parameter interactions and deep learning for modeling pressure related downhole safety conditions during drilling. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Drilling for petroleum is technically engaging, considering the potentially huge risk involved. Blowout due to uncontrolled kick represents a scenario that is to be avoided due to disastrous consequences, e.g. huge financial loss, environmental damage, and death of personnel. Kick occurrence can be prevented if the pore pressure is correctly estimated and the proper drilling mud weight employed. Pore pressure prediction is done in shale lithology; hence a fast means of proper lithology identification is important for pore pressure prediction. Monitoring downhole for pore pressure related hazard therefore includes but is not limited to: monitoring for kick occurrence, monitoring for abnormal pore pressure, and monitoring for changes in lithology for adequate pore pressure prediction. In the field of data science, deep learning is gaining significant interest, which is likely due to its potentials and successful applications. Researchers have begun to explore deep learning in several areas with close affinity to drilling engineering, such as lithology identification, drilling rig state determination, generating logging/other drilling parameters, detecting downhole events, and detecting abnormality in data. Therefore, this serves as a motivation to take advantage of deep learning capabilities in monitoring downhole conditions during drilling to prevent pore pressure based hazardous events. In this dissertation, a novel methodology for kick detection using drilling parameters is presented. Likewise, a novel methodology for predicting the shaliness of a rock formation using drilling parameters is also presented. These methodologies utilized deep learning algorithms in order to achieve the desired objectives. Results obtained using field data justified the development of methodologies with the capability to capture sequential dependencies. Cost represents a significant factor for utilizing drilling parameters in comparison to the use of highly sophisticated/expensive downhole sensors. As part of this dissertation, a novel approach for pore pressure prediction from porosity and resistivity measurement is presented. The aim of combining porosity and resistivity is to explore how the interrelationship between them can enhance pore pressure prediction. The methodology developed for combining porosity and resistivity performed better than the conventional approach based on field data. Machine learning was also employed for pore pressure prediction and better result was also achieved in comparison to conventional approach based on the same field data. In summary, this dissertation presents several novel methodologies for monitoring different aspects of downhole conditions from downhole lithology to downhole drilling events which are important for improved drilling safety.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/15099
Item ID: 15099
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Deep learning, Machine learning, Artificial neural network, Drilling, Petroleum, Safety, Pressure, Lithology
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: June 2021
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.48336/drtm-y751
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Drilling and boring--Safety measures--Simulation methods; Accidents--Prevention--Simulation methods.

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