Investigation of drilling performance and penetration mechanism using passive vibration assisted rotary drilling technology

Shah, Md. Shaheen (2020) Investigation of drilling performance and penetration mechanism using passive vibration assisted rotary drilling technology. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Drilling performance is an essential goal in the petroleum and mining industry. Drilling Rate of Penetration (ROP) is influenced by the operating parameter: torque, Weight on Bit (WOB), fluid flow rate, Revolution per Minute (rpm), rock related parameters (rock type, rock homogeneousness, rock anisotropy orientation), and mechanical parameters (bit type, configuration of the Bottom Hole Assembly (BHA)). The Drilling Technology Laboratory (DTL) at Memorial University of Newfoundland has incorporated the passive Vibration Assisted Rotational Drilling Technology (pVARD) as a drilling tool. This tool includes three parts within a compliant part, a part that dampens and a torque transmitting unit that is inside the BHA of the drill string. This tool utilizes the natural vibrations of the drilling process to increase drilling efficiency and rate of penetration. In this thesis, laboratory and field drilling tests have been conducted by first and second generation pVARD tools respectively which could play a positive role in improving drilling penetration rate through modified bit-rock compliance from conventional drilling. This research aims to develop a fundamental guideline for rock strength measurement and to interlink mechanical tests for the purpose of evaluating drilling performance. The compressive rock strength has an inverse relationship with drilling efficiency. The average Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) and Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) of the granite were obtained to be 168.4 MPa and 16.3 MPa respectively by the mechanical loading frame in the laboratory parameters following American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard. The pVARD operational details are important for optimal configuration and best drilling results. The study focused on designing pVARD to be consistent with a Large Drilling Simulator (LDS) selecting optimal Belleville springs. Compression tests and numerical studies have been carried out using a mechanical frame and simulation analysis respectively, for different Belleville Spring stacking scenarios. Mechanical and simulation studies with details of pre-planned drilling experiments can provide important guidelines for optimizing pVARD basics. The hysteresis effect analysis of LDS-pVARD springs also provided a coherent idea of energy dissipation during the cycle test. Depending on the rock type and drilling parameters can provide pre-settings and configurations of pVARD for optimal drilling performance. Finally, this dissertation focuses on the effects of vibration on the performance of a diamond coring bit when drilling on hard rock with a first-generation small lab scale vibration tool pVARD. Thereafter, Drill off Tests (DOTs) have been performed using a Small Drilling Simulator (SDS) with axial vibrations on the drill string in laboratory conditions. The vibration properties have been adjusted to various settings of spring compliance and dampening (rubber) material. The results of the evaluation of the experimental data show that the ROP increased by a maximum of 28% keeping WOB within the operational limits. The results and knowledge obtained from this study will help to design third generation pVARD tools.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/15037
Item ID: 15037
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 113-121).
Keywords: Rate of Penetration (ROP), Drilling Efficiency, passive Vibration Assisted Rotational Drilling Technology (pVARD), Rock Strength, Belleville Spring, Drill off Tests
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: October 2020
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Oil fields--Equipment and supplies--Testing; Rotary drilling.

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