Resource allocation for NOMA wireless systems

Zeng, Ming (2020) Resource allocation for NOMA wireless systems. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been widely recognized as a promising candidate for the next generation of wireless communication systems. By applying superposition coding at the transmitter and successive interference cancellation at the receiver, NOMA allows multiple users to access the same time-frequency resource in power domain. This way, NOMA not only increases the system’s spectral and energy efficiencies, but also supports more users when compared with the conventional orthogonal multiple access (OMA). Meanwhile, improved user fairness can be achieved by NOMA. Nonetheless, the promised advantages of NOMA cannot be realized without proper resource allocation. The main resources in wireless communication systems include time, frequency, space, code and power. In NOMA systems, multiple users are accommodated in each time/frequency/code resource block (RB), forming a NOMA cluster. As a result, how to group the users into NOMA clusters and allocate the power is of significance. A large number of studies have been carried out for developing efficient power allocation (PA) algorithms in single-input single-output (SISO) scenarios with fixed user clustering. To fully reap the gain of NOMA, the design of joint PA and user clustering is required. Moreover, the study of PA under multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems still remains at an incipient stage. In this dissertation, we develop novel algorithms to allocate resource for both SISO-NOMA and MIMO-NOMA systems. More specifically, Chapter 2 compares the system capacity of MIMO-NOMA with MIMO-OMA. It is proved analytically that MIMO-NOMA outperforms MIMO-OMA in terms of both sum channel capacity and ergodic sum capacity when there are multiple users in a cluster. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the more users are admitted to a cluster, the lower is the achieved sum rate, which illustrates the tradeoff between the sum rate and maximum number of admitted users. Chapter 3 addresses the PA problem for a general multi-cluster multi-user MIMONOMA system to maximize the system energy efficiency (EE). First, a closed-form solution is derived for the corresponding sum rate (SE) maximization problem. Then, the EE maximization problem is solved by applying non-convex fractional programming. Chapter 4 investigates the energy-efficient joint user-RB association and PA problem for an uplink hybrid NOMA-OMA system. The considered problem requires to jointly optimize the user clustering, channel assignment and power allocation. To address this hard problem, a many-to-one bipartite graph is first constructed considering the users and RBs as the two sets of nodes. Based on swap matching, a joint user-RB association and power allocation scheme is proposed, which converges within a limited number of iterations. Moreover, for the power allocation under a given user-RB association, a low complexity optimal PA algorithm is proposed. Furthermore, Chapter 5 focuses on securing the confidential information of massive MIMO-NOMA networks by exploiting artificial noise (AN). An uplink training scheme is first proposed, and on this basis, the base station precodes the confidential information and injects the AN. Following this, the ergodic secrecy rate is derived for downlink transmission. Additionally, PA algorithms are proposed to maximize the SE and EE of the system. Finally, conclusions are drawn and possible extensions to resource allocation in NOMA systems are discussed in Chapter 6.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 14351
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), resource allocation, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), power allocation (PA), physical layer security (PLS)
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2020
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: 5G mobile communication systems--Mathematical models; Resource allocation--Mathematical models; Multiple access protocols (Computer network protocols)--Mathematical models.

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