Induction motors fault diagnosis using machine learning and advanced signal processing techniques

Ali, Mohammad Zawad (2019) Induction motors fault diagnosis using machine learning and advanced signal processing techniques. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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In this thesis, induction motors fault diagnosis are investigated using machine learning and advanced signal processing techniques considering two scenarios: 1) induction motors are directly connected online; and 2) induction motors are fed by variable frequency drives (VFDs). The research is based on experimental data obtained in the lab. Various single- and multi- electrical and/or mechanical faults were applied to two identical induction motors in experiments. Stator currents and vibration signals of the two motors were measured simultaneously during experiments and were used in developing the fault diagnosis method. Signal processing techniques such as Matching Pursuit (MP) and Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) are chosen for feature extraction. Classification algorithms, including decision trees, support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), and Ensemble algorithms are used in the study to evaluate the performance and suitability of different classifiers for induction motor fault diagnosis. Novel curve or surface fitting techniques are implemented to obtain features for conditions that have not been tested in experiments. The proposed fault diagnosis method can accurately detect single- or multi- electrical and mechanical faults in induction motors either directly online or fed by VFDs. In addition to the machine learning method, a threshold method using the stator current signal processed by DWT is also proposed in the thesis.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 13978
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Induction Motor, Condition Monitoring, Fault Diagnosis, Machine Learning, Signal Processing
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: October 2019
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Electric motors, Induction--Testing; Fault location (Engineering); Signal processing

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