Automatic high content screening using deep learning

Kazemi, Farhad Mohammad (2018) Automatic high content screening using deep learning. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Recently, deep learning algorithms have been used with success in a variety of domains. Deep learning has proven to be a very helpful tool for discovering complicated structures in high-dimensional and big datasets. In this work, five deep learning models inspired by AlexNet, VGG, and GoogleNet are developed to predict mechanism of actions (MOAs) based on phenotypic screens of a number of cells in dimly lit and noisy images. We demonstrate that our models can predict the MOA for a compendium of drugs that alter cells through single cell or cell population views without any segmentation and feature extraction steps. According to these results, our models do not need to fully realize single-cell measurements to profile samples because they use the morphology of specific phenomena in the cell population samples. We used an imbalanced High Content Screening big dataset to predict MOAs with the main goal of understanding how to work properly with deep learning algorithms on imbalanced datasets when sampling methods, like Oversampling, Undersampling, and Synthetic Minority Over-sampling (SMOTE) algorithms are used for balancing the dataset. Based on our findings, it is now clear that the SMOTE sampling algorithm must be part of the deep learning algorithms when confronting imbalanced datasets. High Content Screening technologies have to deal with screening thousands of cells to provide a number of parameters for each cell, such as nuclear size, nuclear morphology, DNA replication, etc. The success of High Content Screening (HCS) systems depends on automatic image analysis. Recently, deep learning algorithms have overcome object recognition challenges on tasks with a single centered object per image. Present deep learning algorithms have not been applied to images that include multiple specific complex objects, such as microscopic images of many objects such as cells in these images.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 13680
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 84-94).
Keywords: machine learning, deep learning, Artificial Neural Network, Data Science, Big Data, High Content Screening, High Content Analysis, Drug Discovery, Predict Phenomena, Predictive Analysis, Bioinformatics, AlexNet, VGG, GoogleNet, Inception, Oversampling, Undersampling, SMOTE, Anomaly Detection
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Computer Science
Date: December 2018
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Machine learning; Mechanism of action (Biochemistry).

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