Ocean wind and wave parameter estimation from ship-borne x-band marine radar data

Liu, Xinlong (2018) Ocean wind and wave parameter estimation from ship-borne x-band marine radar data. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Ocean wind and wave parameters are important for the study of oceanography, on- and off-shore activities, and the safety of ship navigation. Conventionally, such parameters have been measured by in-situ sensors such as anemometers and buoys. During the last three decades, sea surface observation using X-band marine radar has drawn wide attention since marine radars can image both temporal and spatial variations of the sea surface. In this thesis, novel algorithms for wind and wave parameter retrieval from X-band marine radar data are developed and tested using radar, anemometer, and buoy data collected in a sea trial off the east coast of Canada in the North Atlantic Ocean. Rain affects radar backscatter and leads to less reliable wind parameters measurements. In this thesis, algorithms are developed to enable reliable wind parameters measurements under rain conditions. Firstly, wind directions are extracted from raincontaminated radar data using either a 1D or 2D ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) technique and are seen to compare favourably with an anemometer reference. Secondly, an algorithm based on EEMD and amplitude modulation (AM) analysis to retrieve wind direction and speed from both rain-free and rain-contaminated X-band marine radar images is developed and is shown to be an improvement over an earlier 1D spectral analysis-based method. For wave parameter measurements, an empirical modulation transfer function (MTF) is required for traditional spectral analysis-based techniques. Moreover, the widely used signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)-based method for significant wave height (HS) estimation may not always work well for a ship-borne X-band radar, and it requires external sensors for calibration. In this thesis, two methods are first presented for HS estimation from X-band marine radar data. One is an EEMD-based method, which enables satisfactory HS measurements obtained from a ship-borne radar. The other is a modified shadowingbased method, which enables HS measurements without the inclusion of external sensors. Furthermore, neither method requires the MTF. Finally, an algorithm based on the Radon transform is proposed to estimate wave direction and periods from X-band marine radar images with satisfactory results.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/13173
Item ID: 13173
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 145-158).
Keywords: ship-bonre X-band marine radar, wind parameters, wave parameters, rain-contaminated data, ensemble empirical mode decomposition
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2018
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Winds -- Remote sensing; Wind waves -- Remote sensing; Radar in navigation

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