Studies of several tetrahedralization problems

Yang, Boting (2002) Studies of several tetrahedralization problems. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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The main purpose of decomposing an object into simpler components is to simplify a problem involving the complex object into a number of subproblems having simpler components. In particular, a tetrahedralization is a partition of the input domain in R3 into a number of tetrahedra that meet only at shared faces. Tetrahedralizations have applications in the finite element method, mesh generation, computer graphics, and robotics. This thesis investigates four problems in tetrahedralizations and triangulations. The first problem is on the computational complexity of tetrahedralization detections. We present an O(nm log n) algorithm to determine whether a set of line segments .C is the edge set of a tetrahedralization, where m is the number of segments and n is the number of endpoints in .C. We show that it is NP-complete to decide whether .C contains the edge set of a tetrahedralization. We also show that it is NP-complete to decide whether .C is tetrahedralizable. The second problem is on minimal tetrahedralizations. After deriving some properties of the graph of polyhedra, we identify a class of polyhedra and show that this class of polyhedra can be minimally tetrahedralized in O(n²) time. The third problem is on the tetrahedralization of two nested convex polyhedra. We give a method to tetrahedralize the region between two nested convex polyhedra into a linear number of tetrahedra without introducing Steiner points. This result answers an open problem raised by Bern [16]. The fourth problem is on the lower bound for β-skeletons belonging to minimum weight triangulations. We prove a lower bound on β (β = [one sixth times the square root of two times the square root of 3] + 45 such that if β is less than this value, the β-skeleton of a point set may not always be a subgraph of the minimum weight triangulation of this point set. This result settles Keil's conjecture [62].

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 12319
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 162-176).
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Computer Science
Date: 2002
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Tetrahedra; Triangulation

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