Regional flood frequency analysis for Newfoundland and Labrador using the L-Moments index-flood method

Yang, Lu (2016) Regional flood frequency analysis for Newfoundland and Labrador using the L-Moments index-flood method. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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The L-moments based index-flood procedure had been successfully applied for Regional Flood Frequency Analysis (RFFA) for the Island of Newfoundland in 2002 using data up to 1998. This thesis, however, considered both Labrador and the Island of Newfoundland using the L-Moments index-flood method with flood data up to 2013. For Labrador, the homogeneity test showed that Labrador can be treated as a single homogeneous region and the generalized extreme value (GEV) was found to be more robust than any other frequency distributions. The drainage area (DA) is the only significant variable for estimating the index-flood at ungauged sites in Labrador. In previous studies, the Island of Newfoundland has been considered as four homogeneous regions (A,B,C and D) as well as two Water Survey of Canada's Y and Z sub-regions. Homogeneous regions based on Y and Z was found to provide more accurate quantile estimates than those based on four homogeneous regions. Goodness-of-fit test results showed that the generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution is most suitable for the sub-regions; however, the three-parameter lognormal (LN3) gave a better performance in terms of robustness. The best fitting regional frequency distribution from 2002 has now been updated with the latest flood data, but quantile estimates with the new data were not very different from the previous study. Overall, in terms of quantile estimation, in both Labrador and the Island of Newfoundland, the index-flood procedure based on L-moments is highly recommended as it provided consistent and more accurate result than other techniques such as the regression on quantile technique that is currently used by the government.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 11912
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 169-177).
Keywords: L-Moments, Index-flood procedures, Quantile esimtation, Newfoundland and Labrador, Flood frequency analysis
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2016
Date Type: Submission
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Floods--Newfoundland and Labrador--Statistical methods; Flood forecasting--Newfoundland and Labrador--Mathematical models; L-moments; Quantile regression

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