Classification of a correlated binary observation

Sutradhar, Santosh C. (1998) Classification of a correlated binary observation. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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    Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
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Abstract

A bivariate binary observation is traditionally classified into one of the two possible groups under the assumption that the cell counts follow a suitable multinomial distribution. But. in the traditional approach, the jointprobability for each of these cell counts is unknown. Consequently it is not clear, how the traditional approach takes into account the correlation that may exist between two 2-dimensional binary observations. In this thesis, following Prentice [27] (Biometrics, 1988). we model the cell probabilities by a suitable bivariate binary distribution and examine the effect of this type of modelling in classifying a new correlated bivariate binary observation. The performance of the usual optimum classification procedure based on the proposed modelling of the cell probabilities are then compared with the model-free existing procedure. This is done through a simulation, by comparing the probabilities of misclassification for the two approaches, for various sample sizes and selected values of the marginal probabilities as well as correlation parameter between the two binary observations. We illustrate the use of the joint probability modelling in classification by analyzing a combined data set from two epidemiological surveys of 6-11 years old children conducted in Connecticut, the New Heaven Child Survey (NHCS) and the Eastern Connecticut Child Survey (ECCS).

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/868
Item ID: 868
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 95-99
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Mathematics and Statistics
Date: 1998
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Discriminant analysis;Distribution (Probability theory)

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