The magnetism and coordination chemistry of mononuclear and polynuclear complexes of copper(II) and other first row transition metal ions derived from open-chain diazine (N-N) Ligands

Xu, Zhiqiang (1998) The magnetism and coordination chemistry of mononuclear and polynuclear complexes of copper(II) and other first row transition metal ions derived from open-chain diazine (N-N) Ligands. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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This thesis describes the structures and the magnetic properties of the first row transition metal complexes containing open-chain diazine (N-N) moieties. The purpose of the research is to establish a magnetostructural correlation involving the N-N single bond bridge and to investigate the coordination chemistry of open-chain diazine ligands to the first row transition metal ions. A relevant literature search is presented in Chapter 1. -- Chapter 1 describes a general introduction to magnetic exchange in polynuclear copper complexes and a general review of the coordination chemistry of diazine (N₂) bridged complexes. In Chapter 2, seventeen dicopper(II) complexes with five open-chain diazine ligands (PAHAP, PMHAP, PHMAP, PHAAP and PYPZ) are reported, in which the two copper(II) centers are bridged by a single N-N bond only. The X-ray structures of one ligand and twelve dinuclear copper(II) complexes were determined. Changing the ligands, together with varying the coligands leads to a situation where the dihedral angle between the copper planes can be varied from 75° to 168.5°. For small angles (less than 80°) ferromagnetic coupling prevails, whereas at larger angles antiferromagnetic exchange is observed between the copper(II) centers. The exchange integrals (-2J) vary from -24.4 to 210 cm⁻¹. This is associated with the degree of alignment of the nitrogen p orbitals in the diazine bridge, and is supported by molecular orbital calculations on the complexes and appropriate models. Chapter 3 deals mainly with dinuclear copper(II) complexes containing two ligands bridging two metal centers. The dinuclear copper(II) complexes containing two N-N single bonds have no or very weak coupling because of orbital orthogonality and the twisting of the two copper planes around these two N-N single bonds. A dicopper complex containing mixed diazine bridges (pyridazine/N-N) shows weak antiferromagnetic coupling, and since the diazine unit in the aromatic ring system bridges two copper centers in an orthogonal manner, this net antiferromagnetic coupling occurs only through the open-chain diazine bridge. A tetranuclear copper complex contains two pairs of dicopper(II) centers bridged orthogonally by two µ₂-1,1-azide anions with each pair of copper(II) centers bridged by one N-N single bond and one µ₂-1,1-azide with a 119° azide bridge angle. The dihedral angle about the N-N single bond is 54°, which indicates either no coupling or weak ferromagnetic coupling via such a bridge. Therefore, the strong antiferromagnetic coupling (-2J = 246 cm⁻¹ ) occurs only through the µ₂-1,1-azide bridges between each pair of copper(II) centers, giving the first genuine example contradicting the spin polarization mechanism associated with azide bridges. In Chapter 4, a series of spiral-like dinuclear complexes of Mn(II), Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Co(III) and Ni(II) ions containing three N-N single bonds with a formula [L₃M₂].(X)n.mH₂O (L = PAHAP, PZHPZ; X = CIO₄ or NO₃; n = 4, 6) and a seven-coordinate Fe(III) complex are discussed. The X-ray structures of six of these complexes have been determined. Variable-temperature magnetic properties, electrochemistry and spectra are discussed. Chapter 5 discusses the synthesis, structural and magnetic properties of some mononuclear and polynuclear first row transition metal complexes of the open-chain diazine ligands. The X-ray structures of eight complexes were determined. Two new coordination modes for open-chain diazine ligands have been found. In the last chapter, a general conclusion about coordination modes, magnetostructural correlations, etc. of the open-chain diazine complexes is made.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 9647
Additional Information: Bibliography: leaves 314-331.
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: 1998
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Copper ions; Ligands; Transition metal complexes

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