Integrated approach for pollution prevention in process design and decision-making

Hossain, Khandoker Abul. (2009) Integrated approach for pollution prevention in process design and decision-making. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Pollution prevention (P2) has gained significant importance over pollution control strategies to manage environmental issues in process industries. P2 reduces the hazardous emissions via mass and energy conservation and thus leads towards sustainable development. -- The present work has developed a holistic P2 approach to facilitate the successful implementation of the P2 program in process industries. The greater P2 opportunities exist in the preliminary design phase; therefore, to contribute in this area the present research has developed a structured process design approach, SusDesign. It integrates numerous tools, such as exergy and energy analysis, process integration, cogeneration, trigeneration, etc., with a process simulator, Aspen HYSYS. This integration assists the designers to systematically generate and analyze design alternatives at different design stages. -- A detailed algorithm has also been developed to carry out structural and parametric optimizations of a process flowsheet. The most important feature of the SusDesign approach is that it uses quantitative techniques to evaluate the environmental and cost performance of design options by imbedding the IECP approach, developed as a part of this work. The IECP tool is integrated with the Aspen HYSYS for quantitative evaluation, screening and optimization of the investigated design options. -- The application of the SusDesign approach has been demonstrated through the design of a 30 MW thermal power plant. Compared to the conventional gas turbine power plant, the final design has achieved an improvement of overall thermal efficiency of the plant by about 35% and the reduction of CO₂ and NO emissions by about 49% and 80% respectively. -- The applicability of the IECP approach has been demonstrated through a separate case study, where potential NOx reduction options are evaluated in a 125 MW thermal power plant. -- In the final phase of this research, a risk-based environmental assessment approach, E-Green, has been developed for the detailed environmental evaluation of a flowsheet. E-Green has been implemented in combination with the Aspen HYSYS to assess two different solvent options in an acrylic acid manufacturing plant.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 8864
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 2009
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Chemical engineering--Data processing; Engineering design--Data processing; Pollution prevention

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