Investigation Into Laser Shock Processing

Shirokoff, John W. and Yilbas, B.S. and Arif, A.F.M. and Shuja, S.Z. and Gondal, M.A. (2004) Investigation Into Laser Shock Processing. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance , 13 (1). pp. 47-54. ISSN 1059-9495

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Laser shock processing is a good candidate for surface industry due to its rapid processing, localized ablation, and precision of operation. In the current study, laser shock processing of steel was considered. The numerical solutions for temperature rise and recoil pressure development across the interface of the ablating front and solid are presented. The propagation of elastic-plastic waves in the solid due to recoil pressure loading at the surface is analyzed and numerical solution for the wave propagation was obtained. An experiment was conducted to ablate the steel surfaces for shock processing. Scanning electron microscopy was carried out to examine the ablated surfaces shock processing while transmission electron microscopy was conducted to obtain dislocation densities after the shock processing. It was found that surface hardness of the workpiece increased in the order of 1.8 times of the base material hardness, and the dislocation was the main source of the shock hardening in the region affected by laser shock processing.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 682
Keywords: ablation, laser, processing, shock
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: February 2004
Date Type: Publication
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