Dynamics of crystal structure formation in spincoated colloidal films

Poduska, Kristin M. and Giuliani, Maximiliano and González-Viñas, Wenceslao and Yethiraj, Anand (2010) Dynamics of crystal structure formation in spincoated colloidal films. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 1 (9). pp. 1481-1486. ISSN 1948-7185

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The spin-coating of colloidal suspensions is an inherently nonequilibrium process that gives rise to highly reproducible, but polycrystalline, films with different symmetries depending on experimental parameters. In this study, we explore the transient dynamics of evaporative colloid spin-coating for the first time, via a combination of high-speed imaging, atomic force microscopy, static photography, and scanning electron microscopy. As the wet colloidal film thins and dries,we observe several symmetry transitions, while at the same time remarkably, the thinning rate (in nondimensional time units) collapses to one universal curve for all rotation rates. We correlate static and dynamic measures of crossovers in ordering regimes, and obtain an estimate of the evaporation rate in the late stage of drying.We conclude that the thinning dynamics controls the local volume fraction and stress profiles, which in turn drives the structural transitions.

Item Type: Article
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/6253
Item ID: 6253
Keywords: macromolecules, soft matter
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: 6 May 2010
Date Type: Publication
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