Significant carrier concentration changes in native electrodeposited ZnO

Poduska, Kristin M. and Chatman, Shawn and Emberley, Lisa (2009) Significant carrier concentration changes in native electrodeposited ZnO. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 1 (10). pp. 2348-2352. ISSN 1944-8252

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We show that unintentional hydrogen doping of ZnO during the electrodeposition process can impact the material’s carrier concentration as significantly as others have reported for intentional extrinsic doping. Mott-Schottky analyses on the natively n-type electrodeposits show a decrease in carrier concentrations from 1021 to 1018 cm−3 with increasing overpotential. A strong link exists between larger optical band gaps (determined from diffuse reflectance spectroscopy) and higher carrier concentrations, which suggests that hydrogen-based doping underlies the n-type conductivity (Moss-Burstein effect). We propose that kinetic defects introduced during growth at larger overpotentials compete with hydrogen doping, thereby leading to lower net carrier concentrations. This has important implications for using deposition potential to tune other electrodeposit properties such as growth rate and morphology.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 6250
Keywords: ZnO, carrier concentration, hydrogen doping, band gap, electrodeposition, X-ray diffraction
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Physics and Physical Oceanography
Date: 28 October 2009
Date Type: Publication
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