Does Collinder 236 host a Cepheid calibrator?

Turner, D.G. and Forbes, D.W. and Leonard, P.J.T. and Abdel-Latif, M. Abdel-Sabour and Majaess, D.J. and Berdnikov, L.N. (2009) Does Collinder 236 host a Cepheid calibrator? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 397 (2). pp. 1046-1052. ISSN 1365-2966

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Photoelectric UBV photometry and star counts are presented for the previously unstudied open cluster Collinder 236, supplemented by observations for stars near the Cepheid WZ Car. Collinder 236 is typical of groups associated with Cepheids, with an evolutionary age of (3.2 ± 1.1) × 10 7 yr, but it is 1944 ± 71 pc distant, only half the predicted distance to WZ Car. The cluster is reddened by E(B - V) ≃ 0.26, and has nuclear and coronal radii of r n ≃ 2 arcmin (1.1 pc) and R c ≃ 8 arcmin (4.5 pc), respectively. The Cepheid is not a member of Collinder 236 on the basis of location beyond the cluster tidal radius and implied distance, but its space reddening can be established as E(B - V) = 0.268 ± 0.006 s.e. from five adjacent stars. Period changes in WZ Car studied with the aid of archival data are revised. The period of WZ Car is increasing, its rate of +8.27 ± 0.19 s yr -1 being consistent with a third crossing of the instability strip.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 584
Additional Information: "The definitive version is available at”.
Keywords: Open clusters and associations: individual: Collinder 236; Stars: evolution; Stars: variables: Cepheids
Department(s): Grenfell Campus > School of Science and the Environment > Physics
Date: August 2009
Date Type: Publication

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