Influence of copepod grazing on concentrations of dissolved dimethylsulfoxide and related sulfur compounds in the North Water, northern Baffin Bay

Lee, Peter A. and Saunders, Patricia A. and de Mora, Stephen J. and Deibel, D. and Levasseur, Maurice (2003) Influence of copepod grazing on concentrations of dissolved dimethylsulfoxide and related sulfur compounds in the North Water, northern Baffin Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 255. pp. 235-248. ISSN 1616-1599

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The impact of copepod grazing on the biogeochemical cycling of dimethylated-sulfur compounds was investigated in the North Water polynya, northern Baffin Bay, during the period 21 April to 24 June 1998. The results show that zooplankton grazing can influence DMSOd concentrations in addition to those of DMS and DMSPd. This study is the first to demonstrate this effect for DMSOd. Weight-specific production rates for DMSOd due to the presence of copepods in incubation experiments were 0.14 to 23 nmol mg-1 dry wt (DW) d-1 (median = 1.02 nmol mg-1 DW d-1) and were occasionally higher than rates for the production of DMSPd. Weight-specific production rates for dimethylsulfide were 0.011 to 2 nmol mg-1 DW d-1 (median = 0.23 nmol mg-1 DW d-1) and for DMSPd 0.005 to 6.86 nmol mg-1 DW d-1 (median = 0.71 nmol mg-1 DW d-1). In comparison, the volumetric and individual-normalized production rates for DMS and DMSPd, which were used to derive weight-specific production rates for these compounds, were similar to published results. The influence of copepod grazing on the production rates of DMS and DMSPd was statistically significant in more than 85% of the incubation experiments conducted, but in fewer than 50% of the incubations for DMSOd. These results suggest that the impact of copepod grazing might be less important for the biogeochemical cycling of DMSO than that of DMS and DMSP. Analysis of the data indicates that grazing may influence the release of DMSO and DMSP in different ways. A secondary objective of the study was to assess the potential role of copepod grazing on in situ level of DMS, DMSPd and DMSOd in the North Water. Weight-specific production rates were used to calculate in situ production rates, which ranged from 0.002 to 21.7 nmol m-3 d-1 for DMS, from 0.001 to 85.8 nmol m-3 d-1 for DMSPd, and from 0.003 to 184 nmol m-3 d-1 for DMSOd. Comparison of these results with the average concentrations of DMS, DMSPd and DMSOd in the water column of the polynya indicates that copepod grazing was a minor mechanism in the release of these compounds in the North Water.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 541
Keywords: Arctic; Biogeochemical cycles; Copepods; Dimethylsulfide; Dimethylsulfonio-propionate; Dimethylsulfoxide; Grazing; Polynya
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Ocean Sciences
Date: 24 June 2003
Date Type: Publication

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