Genetics of wood characters of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) in Newfoundland, Canada

Khalil, M.A.K. (1985) Genetics of wood characters of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) in Newfoundland, Canada. Silvae Genetica , 34 (6). pp. 221-230. ISSN 0037-5349

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The variation and relative control of genotype and envi­ ronment over 11 wood characters in black spruce (Picea mariana (MILL.) B.S.P.) were studied to identify populations with superior pulping qualities. A four- and three-level cluster sampling scheme was adopted and the statistical and genetic analyses comprised analyses of variance, BoN­ FERRONI t-tests, repeatability calculations and multiple re­ gressions. Trees, discs and populations rank from highest to lowest as sources of variation in most characters. Within trees, the trend varies with character. There are weak north-south trends in relative densities, alcohol-benzene and sodium hydroxide solubilities and fibre length and wall thickness. Regression analyses of the ,squares of longitude and alti­tude show a negative and a positive influence respectively on sodium hydroxide solubility. Temperature and precipitation appear most frequently in different combinations in other regression equations. Repeatability values are good estimates of heritabilities. All characters except fibre wall thickness have high heritability (R ): 0.30). The environ­ mental factors studied have a significant influence on the non-genotypic portion of variation in all characters except fibre and lumen diameters (tangential section) and alcohol­ benzene .solubility. Populations 11, 16 and 19-23 have superior pulping qualities.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 2011
Keywords: Heritability, Hierarchical analyses of variance, Mul­ tiple regression analyses, Step-wise multiple regres­ sion analyses, Genotypic variation, Environmental variation
Department(s): Memorial University Affiliates > Canadian Forest Service
Date: 1985
Date Type: Publication
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