Trivial trauma and delayed rupture of a normal spleen: a case report

Sowers, N. and Aubrey-Bassler, F. Kris (2011) Trivial trauma and delayed rupture of a normal spleen: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 5 (591). pp. 1-4. ISSN 1752-1947

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Although a majority of splenic ruptures present acutely with a known mechanism of injury, a minority of patients present days to weeks following trauma with a delayed rupture. Also uncommon is the atraumatic rupture, the vast majority of which occur in patients with underlying splenic pathology. A handful of cases of apparently spontaneous rupture of a normal spleen are reported; however, there is debate about whether these actually represent delayed ruptures following a history of trauma that is not elicited. Although a few cases of delayed rupture of the spleen following trivial trauma have been reported, the majority of these present evidence of an underlying disease process. We found only two such cases that documented a normal spleen and three cases where underlying splenic pathology was not reported. We review the literature and discuss the phenomenon of delayed rupture of the normal spleen following trivial trauma.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 184
Keywords: Spleen, Splenic rupture, Wounds and injuries, Delayed diagnosis, Minor trauma, Delayed splenic rupture
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 21 December 2011
Date Type: Publication

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