Development and application of a thin-film molecularly imprinted polymer for the measurement of mycophenolic acid in human plasma

Bottaro, Christina S. and Langille, Evan (2023) Development and application of a thin-film molecularly imprinted polymer for the measurement of mycophenolic acid in human plasma. Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, 37 (6). ISSN 1098-2825

[img] [English] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (993kB)


Background: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is used to suppress the immune response following organ transplantation; however, complex pharmacokinetic behavior and a large interpersonal variability necessitate therapeutic drug monitoring. To overcome the limitations of current sample preparation techniques, we present a novel thin-film molecularly imprinted polymer (TF-MIP) extraction device as part of a simple, sensitive, and fast method for analysis of MPA from human plasma. Methods: Mycophenolic acid is extracted from plasma using a tailor-made TF-MIP that is subsequently desorbed into an organic solvent system compatible with mass spectrometry. The MIP yielded higher recovery of MPA relative to a corresponding non-imprinted polymer. The method allows for the determination of MPA in 45 min including analysis time and can be scaled for high throughput to process as many as 96 samples per hour. Results: The method gave an LOD of 0.3 ng mL-1 and was linear from 5 to 250 ng mL-1 . Patient plasma samples (35 μL) were diluted using charcoal-stripped pooled plasma to a final extraction volume of 700 μL; when MPA in patient plasma is high, this ratio can easily be adjusted to ensure samples are within the method linear range. Intra- and inter-day variability were 13.8% and 4.3% (at 15 ng mL-1 ) and 13.5% and 11.0% (at 85 ng mL-1 ), respectively (n = 3); inter-device variability was 9.6% (n = 10). Conclusions: Low inter-device variability makes these devices suitable for single use in a clinical setting, and the fast and robust method is suitable for therapeutic drug monitoring, where throughput and time-to-result are critical.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 16498
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: human plasma assays, molecularly imprinted polymer, mycophenolic acid, tandem mass spectrometry, therapeutic drug monitoring, thin-film microextraction
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: March 2023
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over the past year

View more statistics