Regulatory role of RNA-binding proteins in microRNA biogenesis

Hynes, Claire and Kukumani, Pavan Kumar (2024) Regulatory role of RNA-binding proteins in microRNA biogenesis. Frontiers in Molecular Bioscience, 11. ISSN 2296-889X

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that silence gene expression through their interaction with complementary sequences in the 3′ untranslated regions (UTR) of target mRNAs. miRNAs undergo a series of steps during their processing and maturation, which are tightly regulated to fine-tune their abundance and ability to function in post-transcriptional gene silencing. miRNA biogenesis typically involves core catalytic proteins, namely, Drosha and Dicer, and several other RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that recognize and interact with miRNA precursors and/or their intermediates, and mature miRNAs along with their interacting proteins. The series of RNA-protein and protein-protein interactions are critical to maintaining miRNA expression levels and their function, underlying a variety of cellular processes. Throughout this article, we review RBPs that play a role in miRNA biogenesis and focus on their association with components of the miRNA pathway with functional consequences in the processing and generation of mature miRNAs.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 16489
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: RBPs, miRNAs, processing, biogenesis, gene regulation
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biochemistry
Date: 19 March 2024
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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