Electrochemical coreduction of nitrite and CO₂ in an ionic liquid system

Bornak, Mona (2023) Electrochemical coreduction of nitrite and CO₂ in an ionic liquid system. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

[img] [English] PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.

Download (3MB)


Environmental concerns and demand for sustainability drive investigations of electrochemical reduction of CO₂, N₂, and nitrogen pollutants. The simultaneous reduction of CO₂ and nitrite to generate urea tackles multiple issues while producing valuable products. Moreover, incorporating ionic liquids (ILs) improves catalytic performance and selectivity. This study investigates the performance of various catalysts, including cobalt and iron phthalocyanine, as well as Cu, Pd, Ir, MoS₂, TiO₂, and Rh nanoparticles, and graphene nanoplatelets in terms of urea production rates and yields. When a cobalt phthalocyanine catalyst was combined with a mixture of 1-butylpyridinium hexafluorophosphate (BuPyPF₆) and trihexyltetradecylphosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (P₆₆₆₁₄NTf₂), the hydrophobic nature of the catalyst layer increased, resulting in higher faradaic efficiency (25% at –0.064 V vs RHE). Combining a commercial carbon-supported Cu catalyst with CoPc proved effective in increasing urea production rates, although it led to a decrease in faradaic efficiency. However, the application of carbon black as the supporting layer proved advantageous when graphene and TiO₂ as the catalyst supports were used. TiO₂, in particular, showed promise as both the catalyst and supporting material, achieving an impressive 71% urea yield when combined with CoPc. Fe (III) tetrasulfophthalocyanine, in conjunction with the mixed IL binder, exhibited a high urea production rate but low yield.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/16266
Item ID: 16266
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references
Keywords: urea, ammonia, coreduction, catalyst, ionic liquid
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: September 2023
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.48336/3DK0-VV78
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Environmental chemistry; Electrolytic reduction; Urea; Ammonia; Catalysts

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over the past year

View more statistics