Quantifying the bilateral deficit in force during maximal arm cycling wingates

Edwards, Philip Francis (2023) Quantifying the bilateral deficit in force during maximal arm cycling wingates. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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The bilateral deficit phenomenon (BLD) is a reduction in performance during a bilateral motor task when compared to the performance during the unilateral version of the same motor task. The objective of the current study was to determine if there was a BLD during maximal arm cycling Wingate tests. Thirteen healthy male participants performed three 30-second maximal arm cycling Wingate tests during three experimental sessions. Each session the participants completed Wingate tests with 1) both arms, 2) dominant arm, and 3) non-dominant arm at randomized intensities including 3% body weight (BW), 4% BW, or 5% BW. Instantaneous force data on the pedal axis was recorded and used to calculate the BLD. Data were analyzed using a three-way ANOVA with factors of intensity (3% BW, 4% BW, and 5% BW), time during the Wingate (1s – 10s, 11s – 20s, and 21s – 30 s), and position (1 o’clock position and 6 o’clock position). There was an overall BLD of -31.68 ± 21.20% (p <.001). The magnitude of the bilateral index (BI) value was significantly affected by the intensity of the Wingate (p =.006), and the time period of the Wingate (p<.001), but not the position. There were differences in the magnitude of the BLD across intensities and time periods. Overall, a BLD in force exists during maximal arm cycling Wingates and it is affected by fatigue and the movement velocity. Increases in movement velocity decrease the magnitude of the BLD and increased amounts of muscle fatigue likely increase the magnitude of the BLD.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/16155
Item ID: 16155
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references
Keywords: power, fatigue, upper body, velocity
Department(s): Human Kinetics and Recreation, School of > Kinesiology
Date: August 2023
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.48336/JG95-MN36
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Motor ability; Arm--Physiology; Exercise tests; Human locomotion; Arm exercises

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