Design and optimization of piezoelectric actuators for microflap-embedded micropumps

Abouzarkhanifard, Aylar and Parsi, Behzad and Zhang, Lihong (2023) Design and optimization of piezoelectric actuators for microflap-embedded micropumps. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 15 (5). ISSN 1687-8140

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In this paper, we propose a new method to use cost-effective multi-sheet off-the-shelf piezoelectric material (e.g. PZT) as an actuator for micropumps. Instead of one customized single PZT sheet that is typically expensive, multiple commercially available PZT sheets are utilized to decrease the cost of fabrication. For this purpose, we have derived analytic equations for expressing the natural frequency and mode shape of the actuator. The FEM simulations are utilized to verify the analytic equations. Thanks to their high accuracy, we can utilize the derived analytic equations as fitness functions of genetic algorithm (GA) for the optimization purpose of PZT physical aspects. Our experimental measurement results show that the GA is capable of optimizing multiple physical parameters of the piezoelectric actuator. Moreover, one-way compliant microflaps are presented for the first time to act as one-way valves for a PZT micropump aided by our proposed multi-sheet PZT actuator. The flow rate of this configuration is compared with a single-sheet PZT actuator in order to demonstrate the effect of the optimized PZT actuators in the practical applications of micropumps.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 16009
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: Mechanical micropumps, compliant mechanism, microflap, piezoelectric material, genetic algorithm, FEM simulations, micropumps
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 15 May 2023
Date Type: Publication
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