The effects of isometric exercise on time perception between younger and older adults: a randomized crossover trial

Graham, Andrew Paul (2023) The effects of isometric exercise on time perception between younger and older adults: a randomized crossover trial. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Time is a concept that we cannot escape from – it exists in everything we do. Not only does time pass physically, it is a relative measure. Areas where time is crucial such as sport, work, and fitness, may be seriously impacted by changes in time perception. Specifically, time perception may play a vital role in exercise adherence; if people find time to pass by slowly, they may become disinterested in exercise and experience low physical active levels. The Pacemaker-Accumulator Model and the Striatal Beat-Frequency Model are two models that attempt to explain the human perception of time. Respectively, they explain the perception of the number of events in a given period of time and how neurotransmitters activate and coordinate cortical structures. Several factors have been studied for their effects on time perception, such as age, exercise intensity, trained state, psychological and emotional factors, heart rate, and body temperature. These factors can be considered to be exercise-related/induced, meaning future research exploring these topics from an exercise-focused lens is very important. This literature review aims to explore exercise-related factors on the human perception of time and the underlying physiological processes that control time perception and its distortion with activity.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 15942
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references
Keywords: aging, temporal, work, time dilation, arousal, time constriction
Department(s): Human Kinetics and Recreation, School of > Kinesiology
Date: March 2023
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Isometric exercise; Time perception; Age groups

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