Learning by watching tutorial videos: impacts of dialogue and collaboration

Chen, Xingbang (2022) Learning by watching tutorial videos: impacts of dialogue and collaboration. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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We are in a digital age when thousands of tutorial videos are available online. These videos are popular learning sources. However, we still know little about what makes a video powerful, and how to learn better by watching videos. A few studies show that observers learn better when collaboratively watching dialogue videos (recordings of conversations between a tutor and a tutee). However, the superiority of dialogue videos over monologue videos (recordings of a tutor’s monologues) was not consistently shown in the literature. In addition, the advantage of collaboration over solo appeared only when observers watched dialogue videos. Those studies were limited to college student populations in English-speaking countries. The current study used a two-way between-subject design with pre- to posttest measures. It compared the learning outcomes of 60 students who watched tutorial dialogue and monologue videos alone and in pairs at a junior high school in China. Findings show that observers watching the dialogue video in pairs presented the most considerable learning effect and motivation. The results revealed a strong interaction effect between the dialogue video and collaboration. That is, only collaborative observers learned more from the dialogue video than from the monologue, and collaborative observers outperformed solo observers exclusively in dialogue observation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/15881
Item ID: 15881
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 47-53)
Keywords: collaboration, learning from observing, tutorial dialogue, tutorial videos, vicarious learning
Department(s): Education, Faculty of
Date: August 2022
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.48336/NTAV-QV35
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Educational technology; Visual learning; Observation (Educational method); Intelligent tutoring systems; Junior high schools--China

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