Scandinavian nature in the period of Christianization, according to Latin sources

Gabdullina, Roza (2022) Scandinavian nature in the period of Christianization, according to Latin sources. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

[img] [English] PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License - The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.

Download (2MB)


This thesis focuses on the reciprocal relationship between humans and nature in Norway and Sweden between the 9th and 12th centuries. The period under study is that of the Christianization of Scandinavia, when Scandinavians, who practiced paganism, changed their culture and society. The first missionaries sent to Christianize Scandinavians wrote Latin sources about their mission. These sources give medieval Christian authors' worldviews, perceptions of nature, and descriptions of the Scandinavian environment and culture. This study applies medieval environmental history, linguistic analysis, and archaeological sources to study human-nature relations. Archaeological sources complement the Latin texts to understand these relations better. The research uses Richard Hoffmann's interactive model of culture and nature to discuss reciprocal relationships between culture and the environment; Julian Steward's culture area concept to understand the role of culture in these relationships; Malthusian theory to comprehend the human impact on the environment since increasing demography leads to greater use of natural resources. The interconnections of humans and medieval nature are represented through agricultural and wood utilization activities, which depended on how people perceived their surroundings.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 15768
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 155-164)
Keywords: Scandinavian nature, the period of Christianization, medieval Latin sources, environmental history, archaeology
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > History
Date: September 2022
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Human ecology--Norway--History--Middle Ages, 600-1500; Human ecology--Sweden--History-- Middle Ages, 600-1500; Christianity--Norway--Antiquities; Christianity--Sweden--Antiquities; Christianity--Norway--History--Middle Ages, 600-1500; Christianity--Sweden--History--Middle Ages, 600-1500

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over the past year

View more statistics