Source reinstatement in item-method directed forgetting influences recognition strategies

Hourihan, Kathleen L. (2022) Source reinstatement in item-method directed forgetting influences recognition strategies. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2022. ISSN 1878-7290

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In item-method directed forgetting, participants study items paired with instructions to either remember or forget each item for the purpose of an upcoming memory test. Such instructions are effective, in that participants recall or recognize more remember- than forget-cued items when asked to disregard the cues at test. Recent research has shown that context and source information associated with targets at encoding are not subject to any influence of directed forgetting, such that both remember and forget items benefit equivalently from context reinstatement at test. In the present study, remember and forget items were presented by two sources, one of which presented mostly remember items and one of which presented mostly forget items. When the sources were reinstated at recognition, participants displayed more liberal responding to the mostly-remember source, such that item discriminability was actually worse compared to the mostly-forget source. When source information is reinstated at test, participants use their knowledge about the sources heuristically when making recognition judgements.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 15613
Keywords: directed forgetting, source memory, source reinstatement, response criterion
Department(s): Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of > Psychology
Science, Faculty of > Psychology
Date: 7 July 2022
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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