Mutation of foxl1 Results in Reduced Cartilage Markers in a Zebrafish Model of Otosclerosis

Hawkey-Noble, Alexia and Pater, Justin and Kollipara, Roshni S. and Fitzgerald, Meriel and Maekawa, Alexandre S. and Kovacs, Christopher S. and Young, Terry-Lynn and French, Curtis R. (2022) Mutation of foxl1 Results in Reduced Cartilage Markers in a Zebrafish Model of Otosclerosis. Genes, 13 (7). ISSN 2073-4425

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Bone diseases such as otosclerosis (conductive hearing loss) and osteoporosis (low bone mineral density) can result from the abnormal expression of genes that regulate cartilage and bone development. The forkhead box transcription factor FOXL1 has been identified as the causative gene in a family with autosomal dominant otosclerosis and has been reported as a candidate gene in GWAS meta-analyses for osteoporosis. This potentially indicates a novel role for foxl1 in chondrogenesis, osteogenesis, and bone remodelling. We created a foxl1 mutant zebrafish strain as a model for otosclerosis and osteoporosis and examined jaw bones that are homologous to the mammalian middle ear bones, and mineralization of the axial skeleton. We demonstrate that foxl1 regulates the expression of collagen genes such as collagen type 1 alpha 1a and collagen type 11 alpha 2, and results in a delay in jawbone mineralization, while the axial skeleton remains unchanged. foxl1 may also act with other forkhead genes such as foxc1a, as loss of foxl1 in a foxc1a mutant background increases the severity of jaw calcification phenotypes when compared to each mutant alone. Our zebrafish model demonstrates atypical cartilage formation and mineralization in the zebrafish craniofacial skeleton in foxl1 mutants and demonstrates that aberrant collagen expression may underlie the development of otosclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 15568
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: foxl1, foxc1, zebrafish, otosclerosis, collagen, osteoporosis, iron binding,bone mineral density
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of > Biomedical Sciences
Date: 21 June 2022
Date Type: Publication
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