Insights into toxicity of polychlorinated naphthalenes to multiple human endocrine receptors: Mechanism and health risk analysis

Li, Xixi and Gu, Wenwen and Zhang, Baiyu and Xin, Xiaying and Kang, Qiao and Yang, Min and Chen, Bing and Li, Yu (2022) Insights into toxicity of polychlorinated naphthalenes to multiple human endocrine receptors: Mechanism and health risk analysis. Environment International, 165. ISSN 0160-4120

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This study explored the combined disruption mechanism of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) on the three key receptors (estrogen receptor, thyroid receptor, and adrenoceptor) of the human endocrine system. The intensity of PCN endocrine disruption on these receptors was first determined using a molecular docking method. A comprehensive index of PCN endocrine disruption to human was quantified by analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy analysis. The mode of action between PCNs and the receptors was further identified to screen the molecular characteristics influencing PCN endocrine disruption through molecular docking and fractional factorial design. Quantitative structure–activity relationship (QSAR) models were established to investigate the toxic mechanism due to PCN endocrine disruption. The results showed that the lowest occupied orbital energy (ELUMO) was the most important factor contributing to the toxicity of PCNs on the endocrine receptors, followed by the orbital energy difference (ΔE) and positive Millikan charge (q+). Furthermore, the strategies were formulated through adjusting the nutritious diet to reduce health risk for the workers in PCN contaminated sites and the effectiveness and feasibility were assessed by molecular dynamic simulation. The simulation results indicated that the human health risk caused by PCN endocrine disruption could be effectively decreased by nutritional supplementation. The binding ability between PCNs and endocrine receptors significantly declined (up to −16.45%) with the supplementation of vitamins (A, B2, B12, C, and E) and carotene. This study provided the new insights to reveal the toxic mechanism of PCNs on human endocrine systems and the recommendations on nutritional supplements for health risk reduction. The methodology and findings could serve as valuable references for screening of potential endocrine disruptors and developing appropriate strategies for PCN or other persistent organic pollution control and health risk management.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 15554
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs), Endocrine disruption, Human health risk, QSAR model, MD simulation
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: July 2022
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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