Analysis of the Structural Mechanism of ATP Inhibition at the AAA1 Subunit of Cytoplasmic Dynein-1 Using a Chemical “Toolkit”

Tati, Sayi'Mone and Alisaraie, Laleh (2021) Analysis of the Structural Mechanism of ATP Inhibition at the AAA1 Subunit of Cytoplasmic Dynein-1 Using a Chemical “Toolkit”. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (14). ISSN 1422-0067

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Dynein is a ~1.2 MDa cytoskeletal motor protein that carries organelles via retrograde transport in eukaryotic cells. The motor protein belongs to the ATPase family of proteins associated with diverse cellular activities and plays a critical role in transporting cargoes to the minus end of the microtubules. The motor domain of dynein possesses a hexameric head, where ATP hydrolysis occurs. The presented work analyzes the structure–activity relationship (SAR) of dynapyrazole A and B, as well as ciliobrevin A and D, in their various protonated states and their 46 analogues for their binding in the AAA1 subunit, the leading ATP hydrolytic site of the motor domain. This study exploits in silico methods to look at the analogues’ effects on the functionally essential subsites of the motor domain of dynein 1, since no similar experimental structural data are available. Ciliobrevin and its analogues bind to the ATP motifs of the AAA1, namely, the walker-A (W-A) or P-loop, the walker-B (W-B), and the sensor I and II. Ciliobrevin A shows a better binding affinity than its D analogue. Although the double bond in ciliobrevin A and D was expected to decrease the ligand potency, they show a better affinity to the AAA1 binding site than dynapyrazole A and B, lacking the bond. In addition, protonation of the nitrogen atom in ciliobrevin A and D, as well as dynapyrazole A and B, at the N9 site of ciliobrevin and the N7 of the latter increased their binding affinity. Exploring ciliobrevin A geometrical configuration suggests the E isomer has a superior binding profile over the Z due to binding at the critical ATP motifs. Utilizing the refined structure of the motor domain obtained through protein conformational search in this study exhibits that Arg1852 of the yeast cytoplasmic dynein could involve in the “glutamate switch” mechanism in cytoplasmic dynein 1 in lieu of the conserved Asn in AAA+ protein family.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 15414
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: dynein motor domain, ATP hydrolysis, inhibition, ciliobrevin, dynapyrazole, analogues
Department(s): Pharmacy, School of
Date: 19 July 2021
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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