The development of an educational resource for patients post myocardial infarction

Bonnell, Reuben (2021) The development of an educational resource for patients post myocardial infarction. Practicum Report. Memorial University of Newfoundland. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: In Newfoundland and Labrador, heart disease is the second leading cause of death (Botly, 2020). Patient education for this population is imperative to improve patients’ health literacy and ability to self-manage their own heart disease. An informal needs assessment determined that Eastern Health needed an updated patient educational resource for this patient population. Purpose: To develop a patient resource for patients newly diagnosed with heart disease and admitted to hospital, to help this patient population better self-manage their heart health following discharge. Method: A literature review was completed to identify the benefits of patient education while in hospital and topics of information to include in this educational resource. As well, consultations were completed with staff and patients of a cardiac care unit. Finally, an environmental scan was completed for similar resources available elsewhere in Canada. Results: Key topics derived from the literature, included physical activity, healthy eating, mental health, and medications as being important components of patient education. The literature also showed that education received while in hospital leads to a lower rate of readmission for cardiac patients and better self-management. In consultation with staff and patients, it was determined that a gap existed in patient education regarding cardiac tests and procedures, explanations on heart disease and anatomy. It was also identified that it was necessary to provide this information in a patient resource. A review of resource manuals was made available by the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the University of Ottawa’s Heart Institute. A patient resource manual that is 53 pages in length was developed to meet this need and includes information to address gaps in current patient education provided to cardiac patients admitted to hospital. Conclusion: This resource manual based on the literature, key themes and consultations will help patients to better understand their condition, be more prepared for tests and procedures while they are in hospital and adopt healthy lifestyle changes that they are able to maintain post discharge.

Item Type: Report (Practicum Report)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/15152
Item ID: 15152
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: cardiac, patient, resource, patient education, heart disease, coronary artery disease
Department(s): Nursing, Faculty of
Date: December 2021
Date Type: Submission

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