Determination of Optimum Segmentation Schemes for Pattern Recognition-Based Myoelectric Control: A Multi-Dataset Investigation

Ashraf, Hassan and Waris, Asim and Jamil, Mohsin and Gilani, Syed Omer and Niazi, Imran Khan and Kamavuako, Ernest Nlandu and Gilani, Syed Hammad Nazeer (2020) Determination of Optimum Segmentation Schemes for Pattern Recognition-Based Myoelectric Control: A Multi-Dataset Investigation. IEEE Access, 8. pp. 90862-90877. ISSN 2169-3536

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Pattern recognition (PR) algorithms have shown promising results for upper limb myoelectric control (MEC). Several studies have explored the efficacy of different pre and post processing techniques in implementing PR-based MECs. This paper explores the effect of segmentation type (disjoint and overlap) and segment size on the performance of PR-based MEC, for multiple datasets recorded with different recording devices. Two PR-based methods; linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machine (SVM) are used to classify hand gestures. Optimum values of segment size, step size and segmentation type were considered as performance measure for a robust MEC. Statistical analysis showed that optimum values of segment size for disjoint segmentation are between 250ms and 300ms for both LDA and SVM. For overlap segmentation, best results have been observed in the range of 250ms-300ms for LDA and 275ms-300ms for SVM. For both classifiers the step size of 20% achieved highest mean classification accuracy (MCA) on all datasets for overlap segmentation. Overall, there is no significant difference in MCA of disjoint and overlap segmentation for LDA (P-value = 0.15) but differ significantly in the case of SVM (P-value <; 0.05). For disjoint segmentation, MCA of LDA is 88.68% and for SVM, it is 77.83%. Statistical analysis showed that LDA outperformed SVM for disjoint segmentation (P-value<; 0.05). For overlap segmentation, MCA of LDA is 89.86% and for SVM, it is 89.16%, showing that statistically, there is no significant difference between MCA of both classifiers for overlap segmentation (P-value = 0.45). The indicated values of segment size and overlap size can be used to achieve better performance results, without increasing delay time, for a robust PR-based MEC system.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 14852
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: Classification, machine learning, pattern recognition, segmentation, windowing
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: 14 May 2020
Date Type: Publication
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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