Variation and appropriateness of antipsychotic use in long-term care facilities across Newfoundland and Labrador

Giovannini-Green, Zachary E.M. and Gamble, John-Michael and Barrett, Brendan and Gao, Zhiwei and Stuckless, Susan N. and Parfrey, Patrick S. (2021) Variation and appropriateness of antipsychotic use in long-term care facilities across Newfoundland and Labrador. Canadian Pharmacists Journal. ISSN 1913-701X

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Objective: The use of antipsychotics to treat seniors in long-term care facilities (LTC Fs) has raised concern because of health consequences (i.e., increased risk of falls, stroke, death) in this vulnerable population. This study measured geographic patterns of antipsychotic utilization among seniors living in LTC Fs in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) and assessed potential inappropriateness. Method: We analyzed prescription records among adults 66 years and older with provincial prescription drug coverage admitted to LTC Fs in NL between April 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014. Patterns of use were analyzed across the 4 regional health authorities (RHAs) in NL and LTC Fs. Logistic, Poisson and linear regression models were used to test variations in prevalence, rate and volume of antipsychotic utilization. To assess potential inappropriateness of antipsychotic use, we analyzed data from Resident Assessment Instrument–Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 forms from NL LTC Fs between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018. Pearson chi-squared analysis was performed at the RHA and LTC F levels to determine changes in percentage of total prescriptions or antipsychotic prescriptions without psychosis. Results: Between 2011 and 2014, 2843 seniors were admitted to LTC Fs across NL; of these, 1323 residents were prescribed 1 or more antipsychotics. Within the 3-year period, the percentage of antipsychotic use across facilities ranged from 35% to 78%. Using data from 27,260 RAI-MDS 2.0 assessments between 2016 and 2018, 71% (6995/9851) of antipsychotic prescriptions were potentially inappropriate. Discussion: There is substantial variation across NL regions concerning the utilization of antipsychotics for senior in LTC Fs. Facility size and management styles may be reasons for this. Conclusion: With nearly three-quarters of antipsychotic prescriptions shown to be potentially inappropriate, systematic interventions to assess indications for antipsychotic use are warranted.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 14817
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: 23 April 2021
Date Type: Publication
Geographic Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
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