Dialogic reading with Mandarin-speaking children: effects on expressive vocabulary and narrative competence

Li, Ling (2020) Dialogic reading with Mandarin-speaking children: effects on expressive vocabulary and narrative competence. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This research study examines the effects of a home-based dialogic reading (DR) intervention on the expressive vocabulary and narrative competence of Mandarin-speaking children. DR is a shared-reading approach that emphasizes verbal interactions between adults and young children. Expressive vocabulary is generally conceived as children’s knowledge of word meanings in speaking or writing, and oral expressive vocabulary is focused on in the present study. Narrative competence refers to their ability to produce and comprehend stories. Three aspects of narrative production were measured—macrostructure, microstructure, and evaluation. Narrative comprehension was measured using comprehension questions that targeted story grammar and problem resolution. In the present study, 81 Mandarin-speaking kindergartners, aged four to five, were pretested on expressive vocabulary and narrative competence and assigned to one of two conditions—DR or customary reading. Parents of the children assigned to the DR group participated in three DR workshops and conducted at least 48 one-on-one shared-reading sessions at home with their child during the 12-week intervention period. Expressive vocabulary and narrative competence were retested immediately after the intervention and again four months later. In-home observations of shared-reading sessions recorded on video were used to track the changes in parents’ reading behaviours, and multiple measures were employed to collect program-evaluation data. The DR intervention yielded a greater effect on the children’s expressive vocabulary at the delayed posttest stage. However, its effect on indicators of narrative competence was not significant except for one indicator of narrative microstructure—adverb density. Positive changes were found in the reading behaviours of parents in the DR group over the intervention period, and positive feedback was also obtained from the comprehensive evaluation of the DR program.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/14517
Item ID: 14517
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 184-239).
Keywords: dialogic reading, expressive vocabulary, narrative competence, kindergarten children, parent-child reading
Department(s): Education, Faculty of
Date: October 2020
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Reading--Study and teaching (Primary)--Chinese speakers; Guided reading.

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