Vision-based estimation of volume status in ultrasound

Smith, Jordan (2020) Vision-based estimation of volume status in ultrasound. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

This thesis provides a proof-of-concept approach to the analysis of ultrasound imagery using machine learning and computer vision for the purposes of tracking relative changes in apparent circulating blood volume. Data for the models was collected from a simulation which involved having healthy subjects recline at angles between 0 and 90 degrees to induce changes in the size of the internal jugular vein (IJV) resulting from gravity. Ultrasound video clips were then captured of the IJV. The clips were segmented, followed by feature generation, feature selection and training of predictive models to determine the angle of inclination. This research provides insight into the feasibility of using automated analysis techniques to enhance portable ultrasound as a monitoring tool. In a dataset of 34 subjects the angle was predicted within 11 degrees. An accuracy of 89% was achieved for high/low classification.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/14395
Item ID: 14395
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 88-106).
Keywords: Ultrasound, Machine learning, Internal jugular vein
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2020
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Image processing--Digital techniques; Ultrasonics in medicine; Blood volume--Imaging.

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