Propensity score matching methods for the analysis of recurrent events

Charvadeh, Yasin Khadem (2019) Propensity score matching methods for the analysis of recurrent events. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Observational studies are often used to investigate the effects of treatments on a specific outcome. In many observational studies, the event of interest can be of recurrent type, which means that subjects may experience the event of interest more than one time during their follow-up. The lack of random allocation of treatments to subjects in observational studies may induce the selection bias leading to systematic differences in observed and unobserved baseline characteristics between treated and untreated subjects. Propensity score matching is a popular technique to address this issue. It is based on the estimation of conditional probability of treatment assignment given the measured baseline characteristics. The use of the propensity score in the analysis of observational studies with recurrent event outcomes has not been well developed. In this study, we consider three matching methods called propensity score matching, covariate matching and history matching, and compare the accuracy of them to estimate the treatment effects in recurrent event rates through Monte Carlo simulation studies. We consider various scenarios under the settings of time-fixed and time-dependent treatment indicators. A synthetic data set is analyzed to illustrate the methods discussed in the thesis.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 14008
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 88-94).
Keywords: Recurrent Events, Propensity Score Matching, Observational Studies
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Mathematics and Statistics
Date: August 2019
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Observation (Scientific method)--Statistical methods; Statistical matching

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