Studies on the stereoselective synthesis of functionalized quaternary stereocenters and E-3-(arylmethylidene)-5-(alkyl/aryl)-2(3H)-Furanones

Muthusamy, Gopinathan (2019) Studies on the stereoselective synthesis of functionalized quaternary stereocenters and E-3-(arylmethylidene)-5-(alkyl/aryl)-2(3H)-Furanones. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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An enantioselective synthesis of isolated acyclic quaternary stereocenters was achieved using metal-catalyzed Gosteli-Claisen rearrangements of allyl vinyl ethers. A concise synthesis of 2-t-butoxycarbonyl allyl vinyl ethers by regioselective Petasis methylenation and stereoselective Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions of iodoallyl t-butyl oxalates was developed. Ethers with a terminally unsubstituted vinyl group and a terminally disubstituted allyl portion are readily accessible by this method. In addition to the metal-catalyzed Gosteli-Claisen rearrangements, organocatalytic variant of the Gosteli-Claisen rearrangement was investigated. A modular synthesis of several new, chiral cyclic phosphoramide-based, thioureas, formamidines and thiosemicarbazides was developed and these phosphoramides were examined for their ability to catalyze the Gosteli-Claisen rearrangement of a selected allyl vinyl ether. A variety of E-3-(arylidene)-5-(alkyl/aryl)-2(3H)-furanones were synthesized by employing regioselctive addition of -aryl acrylic acids with iodoacetylenes and subsequent intramolecular Heck reaction of Z-acyloxy iodo alkenes. The approach was applied in a formal synthesis of the naturally occurring kinase inhibitor BE-23372M.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 13905
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Organic synthesis and catalysis, Quaternary stereocenters, Gosteli-Claisen rearrangement, 2(3H)-Furanones
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Chemistry
Date: May 2019
Date Type: Submission
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Organic compounds--Synthesis.

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