Examining policy implementation gaps in source water protection in Newfoundland and Labrador

Eledi, Seth Bomangsaan (2019) Examining policy implementation gaps in source water protection in Newfoundland and Labrador. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Source water protection (SWP) has gained importance in the literature related to water resources, with the general knowledge that drinking water sources can be more easily, economically and safely guarded from pollution through SWP than by remedying water sources after they have been contaminated. In addition to the actions of citizens, SWP requires policy commitments from government including regulatory activity. However, results of prior studies have suggested that gaps exist between policy and regulations and the reality of practices in communities of rural Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). Previous studies suggest that these gaps are due to the limitations in various kinds capacity at both local and provincial levels but suggest that further research is needed to better understand these limitations within the NL context. This research sought to identify the key factors in the context of NL that deter implementation of SWP measures and to explore options for addressing these factors. In particular barriers to implementation were examined using a four part capacity framework, including: institutional, technical/human, financial and social capacities. Data collection methods included document review, reanalysis of survey data and telephone interviews across six case study communities with varied levels of compliance to SWP policies and regulations. Data analysis was done through categorization and coding using Nvivo software followed by pattern analysis. As suggested in past research, areas of concern identified in this study include monitoring activities within protected water supply areas, uncertified drinking water operators, and limited watershed planning, because of limitations in local government’s ability to implement their SWP responsibilities under provincial regulations and policy. The study found deficiencies in all four capacity categories and contributes to enhancing the understanding of these challenges within SWP policy implementation and drinking water management in rural NL. Finally, the study’s recommendation for addressing implementation gaps in SWP policy and regulations in NL include: adequate financial support for SWP; expanded communication, education and awareness initiatives; increased community involvement and participation and collaboration among the various actors involved, and strengthening monitoring and enforcement efforts.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/13762
Item ID: 13762
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 92-100).
Keywords: Source Water Protection, Policy Implementation, Watershed Management, Monitoring, implementation Gaps
Department(s): Grenfell Campus > School of Science and the Environment > Environmental Policy Institute
Date: February 2019
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Wellhead protection--Government policy--Newfoundland and Labrador; Watershed management--Government policy--Newfoundland and Labrador

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