Collagen overlays can inhibit leptin and adiponectin secretion but not lipid accumulation in adipocytes

Christian, Sherri L. and Pallegar, Nikitha K. and Brown, Robert J. and Viloria-Petit, Alicia M. (2018) Collagen overlays can inhibit leptin and adiponectin secretion but not lipid accumulation in adipocytes. PeerJ, 6. ISSN 2167-8359

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Background White adipose tissue (WAT) is essential for energy storage as well as being an active endocrine organ. The secretion of adipokines by adipocytes can affect whole body metabolism, appetite, and contribute to overall health. WAT is comprised of lipid-laden mature adipocytes, as well as immune cells, endothelial cells, pre-adipocytes, and adipose-derived stem cells. In addition, the presence of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in WAT can actively influence adipocyte differentiation, growth, and function. Type I collagen is an abundant fibrous ECM protein in WAT that is secreted by developing adipocytes. However, the extent and overall effect of Type I collagen on adipokine secretion in mature adipocytes when added exogenously has not been established. Methods We characterized the effects of Type I collagen overlays prepared using two different buffers on adipocyte physiology and function when added at different times during differentiation. In addition, we compared the effect of collagen overlays when adipocytes were cultured on two different tissue culture plastics that have different adherent capabilities. Triglyceride accumulation was analyzed to measure adipocyte physiology, and leptin and adiponectin secretion was determined to analyze effects on adipokine secretion. Results We found that collagen overlays, particularly when added during the early differentiation stage, impaired adipokine secretion from mature adipocytes. Collagen prepared using PBS had a greater suppression of leptin than adiponectin while collagen prepared using HANKS buffer suppressed the secretion of both adipokines. The use of CellBind plates further suppressed leptin secretion. Triglyceride accumulation was not substantially impacted with any of the collagen overlays. Discussion Adipokine secretion can be selectively altered by collagen overlays. Thus, it is feasible to selectively manipulate the secretion of adipokines by adipocytes in vitro by altering the composition or timing of collagen overlays. The use of this technique could be applied to studies of adipokine function and secretion in vitro as well as having potential therapeutic implications to specifically alter adipocyte functionality in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 13668
Additional Information: Memorial University Open Access Author's Fund
Keywords: Adipognenesis, Type I collagen, Adiponectin, Leptin, Cell culture, Triglycerides, 3T3-L1
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Biochemistry
Date: 27 April 2018
Date Type: Publication
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