Marine performance evaluation of a fast rescue craft

Harris, Trevor (2018) Marine performance evaluation of a fast rescue craft. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Marine performance evaluation was carried out aboard a fast rescue craft utilized by the Canadian Coast Guard. The experiments were conducted in late 2016 in the waters off Conception Bay South, NL and St. John’s, NL. The three primary focus areas of the study were vessel performance, fuel economy, and human kinetics. The evaluated vessel has a unique propulsion arrangement and is the first to be outfitted in Canada with Mercury Marine DSI 3.0 spark-ignited diesel outboard motors. Motivations to use this type of engine are to unify the Coast Guard’s fuel supply and to also allow engine re-start after inversion. The Canadian Coast Guard is interested in this vessel’s performance in comparison to the rest of the fleet because of these intrinsic advantages. The performance tests concluded that the vessel is very reactive to helm input. It also has much greater directional stability as its speed increases. It can reach its maximum speed in 250 metres, taking approximately 20 seconds to do so. At a full speed of 38 knots, the vessel can execute a 180ᴼ turn in just over 200 metres, and just under 20 metres at manoeuvring speed. The vessel can also tow a 19.7 metre fishing vessel at speeds up to 4.5 knots. The trials showed that the fuel economy was not overly sensitive to wind speed, wind direction, or even wave height. The fuel consumption curve fits a resistance curve that is typical of a planing craft. Its maximum range of 56 nautical miles is achieved at its optimal cruising speed of 24.6 knots. The vessel motions show that the accelerations in the Z direction are the most prominent. The accelerations in the X direction are the lowest, with accelerations in the Y directions being slightly higher. The maximum observed Z acceleration was 4.76 times gravity. The helmsman’s ability to maintain heading is increased with speed due to the higher directional stability observed at higher speeds. Wave height also has a prominent effect on the helmsman’s ability to maintain heading.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 13272
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 112-114).
Keywords: Planing Craft, Data Reduction, Data Analysis, Sea Trial, Performance Evaluation
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2018
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Search and rescue boats -- Evaluation

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