Evaluating the reliability of four-dimensional computed tomography scans of the wrist

Chang, Nicholas Bruce (2018) Evaluating the reliability of four-dimensional computed tomography scans of the wrist. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Abstract

Introduction: Four-dimensional CT (or 4D CT) scans are a novel approach to diagnosing musculoskeletal pathology. Although still in its infancy, there has been a surge of interest in identifying clinical applications for musculoskeletal 4D CT. The scapholunate joint has received the most attention thus far due to the complex articulations and challenges faced with prompt diagnosis of scapholunate injuries. The objective of this thesis is to review current literature on musculoskeletal 4D CT and to evaluate the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the assessment of scapholunate stability in 4D CT wrist scans. Methodology: 4D CT scans of thirteen healthy volunteers and four patients were prepared. Seven orthopaedic and plastic surgeons were recruited to qualitatively assess the stability of the scapholunate joint in the 4D CT scans. Statistical analysis included percent agreement, Fleiss’ kappa, and Gwet’s AC1 coefficient. Results: The percent agreement amongst all raters was 0.80392 (95% CI: 0.675 - 0.932). Fleiss’ Kappa was 0.54895 (95% CI: 0.252 - 0.846) and Gwet’s AC₁ was 0.54895 (95% CI: 0.391 - 0.915). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for intra-rater reliability was 0.71631 (95% CI: 0.5567 – 0.8423). Conclusion: Our pilot study suggests good inter- and intra-rater reliability for the qualitative assessment of scapholunate instability in 4D CT scans. Although further studies are required, this thesis highlights the vast potential of 4D CT as a non-invasive diagnostic technique of dynamic musculoskeletal injuries.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
URI: http://research.library.mun.ca/id/eprint/13271
Item ID: 13271
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 82-91).
Keywords: 4DCT, Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography, Scapholunate
Department(s): Medicine, Faculty of
Date: May 2018
Date Type: Submission

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