Joint optimization for wireless sensor networks in critical infrastructures

Elsersy, Mohamed Said (2018) Joint optimization for wireless sensor networks in critical infrastructures. Doctoral (PhD) thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Energy optimization represents one of the main goals in wireless sensor network design where a typical sensor node has usually operated by making use of the battery with limited-capacity. In this thesis, the following main problems are addressed: first, the joint optimization of the energy consumption and the delay for conventional wireless sensor networks is presented. Second, the joint optimization of the information quality and energy consumption of the wireless sensor networks based structural health monitoring is outlined. Finally, the multi-objectives optimization of the former problem under several constraints is shown. In the first main problem, the following points are presented: we introduce a joint multi-objective optimization formulation for both energy and delay for most sensor nodes in various applications. Then, we present the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker analysis to demonstrate the optimal solution for each formulation. We introduce a method of determining the knee on the Pareto front curve, which meets the network designer interest for focusing on more practical solutions. The sensor node placement optimization has a significant role in wireless sensor networks, especially in structural health monitoring. In the second main problem of this work, the existing work optimizes the node placement and routing separately (by performing routing after carrying out the node placement). However, this approach does not guarantee the optimality of the overall solution. A joint optimization of sensor placement, routing, and flow assignment is introduced and is solved using mixed-integer programming modelling. In the third main problem of this study, we revisit the placement problem in wireless sensor networks of structural health monitoring by using multi-objective optimization. Furthermore, we take into consideration more constraints that were not taken into account before. This includes the maximum capacity per link and the node-disjoint routing. Since maximum capacity constraint is essential to study the data delivery over limited-capacity wireless links, node-disjoint routing is necessary to achieve load balancing and longer wireless sensor networks lifetime. We list the results of the previous problems, and then we evaluate the corresponding results.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral (PhD))
Item ID: 13268
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Structural Health Monitoring, Pareto Front, Multi-Objective Optimization, System Modeling
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: May 2018
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Wireless sensor networks--Energy consumption; Wireless sensor networks--Design.

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