Numerical prediction of ductile fracture due to moving load

Abdullah, Md (2017) Numerical prediction of ductile fracture due to moving load. Masters thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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This study investigates the effect of moving load on ductile fracture of shipbuilding metals through numerical simulation. Quinton [1,2] and Alsos [3] investigated moving load’s effect on metals, in the plastic regime, and found that moving load results in a significant reduction in plastic capacity of metals. This study complements their work by extending the scope of the work up to ductile fracture initiation which was accomplished by implementing state-of-art ductile fracture model in moving loading scenario. A state-of-art ductile fracture model has been implemented in this study by incorporating the knowledge acquired by research in the fracture mechanics arena. A stress state based fracture locus with strain rate and temperature effects has been selected as the ductile fracture criteria accordingly. Finite Element Method with Explicit Time Integration scheme deemed appropriate for numerical simulation and LS-DYNA has been chosen to accomplish this consequently. This study attempts to mitigate two significant limitations of maritime structural assessment techniques associated with ship-ice interaction; undue simplification of load definition and over conservatism on fracture strain selection. Ship-ice interaction is considered as stationary loading scenario while it should be categorised as moving loading condition in accidental overloading situations. In addition, these techniques also regard fracture strain to be constant and independent of stress state, whereas studies show that ductile fracture initiation is highly dependent on the stress state. This study provides a method to incorporate stress-state dependent state-of-art ductile fracture model for numerical investigation of moving load.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Item ID: 13026
Additional Information: Includes bibliographical references (pages 79-83).
Department(s): Engineering and Applied Science, Faculty of
Date: October 2017
Date Type: Submission
Library of Congress Subject Heading: Shipbuilding -- Materials -- Fracture -- Mathematical models; Shipbuilding -- Materials -- Ductility -- Mathematical models; Live loads

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