Converted phase elastic migration velocity analysis

Malcolm, Alison and Shabelansky, Andrey H. and Fehler, Mike and Shang, Xuefeng and Rodi, William (2013) Converted phase elastic migration velocity analysis. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2013, 2013. pp. 4732-4737. ISSN 1949-4645

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Multi-component elastic seismic data collected at large offsets have the potential to be used in seismic imaging and velocity analysis. In this study, we present an approach for convertedphase elastic-transmission migration velocity analysis with an application for VSP and micro-seismic studies. Our approach is based on the cross-correlation between converted-phase Pand S-waves propagated backward in time, and is formulated as an inverse problem with a differential semblance criterium objective function for the simultaneous update of both P- and S-wave velocity models. The merit of this approach is that it is fully data-driven and requires only one elastic backward propagation to form an image rather than the two (one forward and one backward) acoustic propagations needed for standard RTM. Moreover, as the method does not require forward propagation, it does not suffer from migration operator source aliasing when a small number of shots are used. We present a derivation of the method and test it with the synthetic Marmousi model. We also show the differences between the standard reflection offset domain common image gathers and the converted-phase image gathers that we use for model updates.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 12762
Keywords: converted wave, elastic, imaging, inversion, velocity
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: 2013
Date Type: Publication
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