Image registration guided wavefield tomography for shear-wave velocity model building

Malcolm, Alison and Yang, Di and Fehler, Mike and Baek, Hyoungsu (2015) Image registration guided wavefield tomography for shear-wave velocity model building. Geophysics, 80 (3). U35-U46. ISSN 1942-2156

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Multicomponent acquisitions offer the opportunity to form elastic migration images and to estimate elastic parameters of the subsurface. Compared with better constrained P-wave velocity inversions, it is more difficult to estimate the S-wave velocity due to strong nonlinearities introduced by converted S-waves. We have developed an iterative S-wave velocity inversion method guided by image registration. Given an accurate P-wave velocity and a simple initial S-wave model, we form P-P and P-S images using elastic reverse time migration. We use image registration to find the shifts between the P-S and P-P images. The S-wave velocity model could be updated iteratively by minimizing the differences between the original and the fractionally warped P-S images. A simple layered model and a modified Marmousi model are used to demonstrate the viability of the new method. In both examples, high-quality P-S images, as well as smooth S-wave velocity models, are inverted efficiently with a homogeneous S-wave initial model.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 12746
Keywords: shear wave (S-wave), tomography, velocity analysis, Reverse time migration
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: May 2015
Date Type: Publication
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