Detecting medium changes from coda by interferometry

Malcolm, Alison and Poliannikov, Oleg V. (2010) Detecting medium changes from coda by interferometry. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2010, 2010. pp. 4227-4231. ISSN 1949-4645

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In many applications, sequestering CO2 underground for example, determining whether or not the medium has changed is of primary importance, with secondary goals of locating and quantifying that change. We consider an acoustic model of the Earth as a sum of a smooth background velocity, isolated velocity jumps and random small scale fluctuations. Although the first two parts of the model can be determined precisely, the random fluctuations are never known exactly and are thus modeled as a realization of a random process with assumed statistical properties. We exploit the so‐called coda of multiply scattered energy recorded in such models to monitor for change and to localize and quantify that change, by examining the shape and frequency content of correlations of the coda produced by different parts in the medium. These ideas build upon past work in time‐reversal detection methods that have often been limited to theoretical regimes in which the scales of scattering and reflection are strictly separated. This results in an application of time‐reversal detection methods to non‐theoretical regimes in which the separation of scales is not strictly satisfied, opening up the possiblity, discussed here, of using such techniques to monitor CO2 sequestration sites for leakage.

Item Type: Article
Item ID: 12727
Department(s): Science, Faculty of > Earth Sciences
Date: 2010
Date Type: Publication
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